It’s kicked off with the Rosetta Stone, which provided the breakthrough in deciphering ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs. Discovered in 1799, it told the same story in three languages: Greek, a modern form of Egyptian, and ancient Egyptian. This enabled archaeologists to compare the two languages they understood, with the ancient Egyptian, which was yet to be deciphered. Egyptian art was art with a purpose. In ancient Egypt, you could take it with you.