If you’re going to remember one Polish king, remember Kazimierz the Great, who ruled Poland from Kraków in the 14th century. In the 14th century, when other nations were deporting Jews, King Kazimierz actively welcomed them. The neighborhood of Kazimierz — named for the king — was a thriving and autonomous Jewish community for centuries when most of the world’s Jews lived here in Poland. As Polish and Jewish culture mingled here for so many centuries, it’s hard to distinguish between Jewish and Polish cuisine. This thriving Jewish community — like most in Europe — was decimated during the Holocaust.