Their case is based on the assertion that, by failing to act on climate change, these governments are violating their fundamental right to life. For the lawyers working on the kids’ case, this response has been hugely gratifying. To the untrained eye, the idea that government inaction on climate change might violate treaties on torture could seem a stretch. Obviously, not torturing people is a very important part of human rights law, but it's also about states proactively protecting people. “[Decisions about] the European Convention on Human Rights have a huge effect on the domestic law of these countries,” says Gerry.